This post might seem obvious and straightforward, as most people know that Georgia is the name of a U.S. state and an independent nation state in the Caucasus. I’ll cover both of these places, but there’s more to the name of Georgia than just these two places.
The state of Georgia takes its name from King George II. A Royal Charters was granted in 1732, the last of the thirteen colonies, which specified that the colony to be founded be named after the King — and so it was.
The origin of the (English) name of the nation of Georgia is disputed. Some link it to Greek and Latin roots, for a word that means agriculture. Others link it to Saint George, or the popularity of the cult of Saint George in Georgia. There is also a Persian theory for the name, as under various Persian empires after the fall of Rome, Georgians were called Gurjhān people, and the contemporary Russian name for the country, Gruziya, is similar. Georgians actually call their country Sakartvelo, their nation Kartvelebi, and their language Kartuli — but they don’t seem to mind being called Georgians.
Yet there are actually many more places with the name Georgia. There are towns called Georgia in the U.S. states of Indiana and Vermont. Georgia St. is in the District of Colombia. In Canada, the city of Vancouver has Georgia Avenue, and the major body of water that connects the city to the Pacific Ocean is called the Strait of Georgia or the Georgia Basin (although there is currently a movement to rename the strait as the Salish Sea, an alleged traditional name for the body of water).
Off in the west Pacific Ocean, New Georgia is the largest island of the Western Province of the Solomon Islands, being in the New Georgia Group and forms part of the southern boundary of the New Georgia Sound. Then, in the southern Atlantic Ocean just north of Antarctica is the British overseas territory of South Georgia.